Blending Cellular, Ku-band Satellite Networks Equals Reliability, Says Bogdan Frusina

Bogdan Frusina.

IP newsgathering specialist Dejero and global satellite service provider Intelsat have partnered to offer the TV industry a new service that blends Ku-band satellite and cellular network bandwidth into a one-button-push service for IP news contribution from the field.

Dejero’s CellSat seeks to overcome network congestion problems and spotty cell network coverage to provide news crews in the field with reliable bandwidth.

CellSat combines up to six cellular network connections and an Intelsat Ku-band satellite connection using Dejero’s network blending technology, which dynamically allocates bits across each path to ensure reliable, low-latency IP packet delivery.

Dejero held an embargoed press briefing yesterday. Following the briefing, TVNewsCheck conducted an interview with company founder Bogdan Frusina about CellSat.

In this interview, Frusina explains why the service is necessary, how existing Ka-band users can get on board, what Intelsat brings to the party and how the new service will add another option to relieve network congestion at big events like political conventions.

An edited transcript:

Why are you launching CellSat?

Today, broadcasters have to deal with challenges where you have congested network environments. This solution fixes that. It gives you additional capacity from a satellite network to give you additional bandwidth in a congested environment to ensure you can move video.

You are also dealing with the situation where you have no cell coverage. In that case, you would normally have to book a satellite. With our approach, at the push of a button you have that same technology without the cumbersomeness of booking satellite time.

The other part is you have to look at the operational costs. The operational cost of traditional satellite when compared to this solution is quite expensive. It’s the time and effort to lineup a shot, to make sure you have the proper booking system and you’re in the window you need to be.

As we all know, news happens fluidly, and if it’s a big story it can be very fluid when you are going to go on and off [the satellite]. Therefore you have to book a window that is very large and very inefficient. With the CellSat, solution you only pay for the gigabytes you use.

You can be on the satellite 24/7 and not pay one penny if you don’t use any bytes. So it solves quite a few issues.

Can you elaborate a little bit on the charges as relates to blending bandwidth sources?

When you create video at 5Mb/s, you’re creating it at pretty clear rate. That’s approximately 2.2 GB/hour.

When you are using a non-blended solution, you are effectively transmitting that data across both the links. So you are paying the cell providers and the satellite provider. In a blended environment, it’s one single price per Gigabyte as a blended solution.

What is the latency?

On the satellite-only system it’s about two seconds. If you are dealing with cell and satellite availability at the same time, that can drop to about 1.5 seconds.

CellSat uses a Ku-band satellite connection. What do broadcasters with Ka-band terminals face if they wish to deploy this service?

The very important thing to understand is if we are looking at current Ka solutions what happens is you purchase a certain amount of capacity from a Ka-band provider, and that capacity is available to you at all times during the shot. At the same time, you are also using cellular. So, you are actually paying for both. In our case, you are paying a blended price. You are not paying for one and the other on top of that.

If you have a Ka-band system, depending on the dish size, it is very important to have the option to have a Ku-band [antenna] option from the vendor with the same aperture –be that 1-, 1.2 -or 1.4-meters. If it does, we simply convert it by adding a BUC [block upconverter] and a feed arm to the dish as well as the modem required by the network.

How does a broadcaster control whether the satellite or cellular network is used for any given shot?

It can be done manually or automatically. It’s comes down to a matter of costs. Whenever you implement the satellite part of the combination, it’s more expensive. So, this gives the customer the option to select between a satellite-inclusive or cellular-only solution.

That is the only part the customer is doing. So at the beginning of the shot, the customer decides I am happy, I don’t want to pay anymore, or no, I want the guaranteed shot, so I am willing to pay the blended costs to ensure that the shot gets delivered.

Why did Dejero partner with Intelsat on the CellSat offering?

IntelSat is a global satellite provider. They are one of the most forward-thinking satellite providers in the world today. They tend to look at things in the reality, which is providing ubiquitous connectivity in the field.

They understand moving that connectivity towards one thing, and that’s called IP. The market is converging towards an IP network, and it’s an IP network that will run anywhere between fiber, satellite and cellular connectivity as one single connection or blended as an option.

So the blended solution between the two companies is a natural fit. Ultimately it gives flexibility to our customers in handling their applications over the network.

Will the availability of CellSat diminish the need for the hotspots at big events, such as political conventions or the Super Bowl, that are setup to allow broadcasters to overcome network congestion?

Ultimately what this does is give us the ability to add an additional hotspot and service from Intelsat. It actually will allow us to deploy these hotspots a lot quicker because just like the broadcasters who have trouble with connectivity, so do the carriers.

The carriers don’t have connectivity everywhere, and it is very hard to actually bring it in. It has to be booked months in advance.

In some cases, last minute decisions are made, making it very difficult to roll out connectivity for a particular event. We won’t stop doing the hotspots for additional availability. This will simply make it much simpler in a lot more situations.

You mentioned fiber before. Does that play into this Intel partnership on CellSat?

Yes, one cool thing with Intelsat is they have a global satellite and fiber network as well. It’s one of the largest fiber networks around on top of their satellite ability. That gives us the ability to have direct access into their nodes, and carry information, for example, across the ocean very quickly.

For instances, it’s actually pretty easy to get public internet from Verizon; however, if you are a European broadcaster, your challenge will be to backhaul content, like coverage of the U.S. elections, across the ocean via the internet because the traffic during that time will be significantly higher.

In one instance last year, one particular broadcaster in Denmark experienced a lot of dropouts during their election coverage just because they tried to use the public internet for their backhaul.

One of the benefits of Intelsat is you can actually use a private fiber network to carry the payload across the ocean to ensure the bandwidth is always available, which the public internet sometimes can’t deliver.

So, is the CellSat offering international?

It is launched as of Aug. 23 and is available to purchase from Dejero in the United States. As far as global deployment, Intelsat and Dejero are evaluating the deployment schedule and will deploy more regions through 2018 and may run into 2019 in some regions. But we are trying to focus on the 2018 for key deployment areas such as Europe.

(Editor’s note: This is the latest installment in TVNewsCheck’s series of interviews with top executives at IP newsgathering companies. Previous interviews include: “Remote Revolution: IP Transport Is Key To Reducing Production Costs, Says Paul Shen” and “LiveU Readies Support For Trump Inauguration Coverage.”

Dielectric Ships Powerlite UHF RF Systems To Ethiopia

Dielectric’s factory floor where the company turned out Powerlite UHF omnidirectional antennas and other components in six weeks for 26 sites in Ethiopia.

Dielectric today announced it has shipped a $1.2 million antenna system order to Ethiopia in support of the nation’s second-generation DVB-T2 network rollout scheduled for later this year.

The antenna maker is providing the Ethiopian government with UHF antennas, filters, more than 7,000 feet of transmission line and other RF components for 26 low- to medium-power transmission sites throughout the country, it said.

GatesAir, the prime contractor on the project, will design, supply, install, test and commission the DVB-T2 network installation. The initial rollout will provide 20 channels of content from all 26 sites.

To meet the requirements of the Ethiopian government, Dielectric accelerated its production process, completing the entire order within six weeks, it said. All sites will use the company’s Powerlite series omnidirectional antenna for the DVB-T2 network rollout.

The systems for Ethiopia include TUA panel antennas, flex transmission line and tunable filters customized for each station and power level.

J.M.T. International, GatesAir’s partner and dealer in Ethiopia, will install the antennas. Sabre Tower will install the tower infrastructure.

More information is available on the Dielectric website.



SMPTE Announces 2017 Award Winners

Renville “Ren” H. McMann Jr. will posthumously be inducted into the SMPTE Honor Roll.

The Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers today announced the winners of its 2017 awards, which will be presented Oct. 26 at the annual SMPTE Awards Gala as part of the SMPTE 2017 Annual Technical Conference & Exhibition in Hollywood, Calif.

The award recipients include:

  • Paul E. Debevec: the 2017 Progress Medal
  • David S. Corley: Camera Origination and Imaging Medal
  • Phillip Bennett: David Sarnoff Medal
  • Michael A. Isnardi: Digital Processing Medal
  • James M. Reilly: James A. Lindner Archival Technology Medal
  • Mark Robert Gander: Samuel L. Warner Memorial Medal
  • Joseph Goldstone, Technicolor –Herbert T. Kalmus Medal
  • Randy Ubillos: Workflow Systems Medal
  • Sean T. McCarthy: SMPTE Journal Award
  • Katy C. Noland: Journal Certificate of Merit
  • David Long and Mark D. Fairchild: Journal Certificate of Merit
  • Elizabeth DoVale: Student Paper Award
  • Jonathan Bouchard: Student Paper Honorable Mention
  •  Mark Schubin: Presidential Proclamation
  • Johann Safar: Excellence in Standards Award
  • Elizabeth “Betty” Migliore: Society Citation
  • Merrick Ackermans: Citation for Outstanding Service to the Society
  • Herbert Jay Dunmore: Citation for Outstanding Service to the Society
  • John Walsh: Citation for Outstanding Service to the Society
  • David Wheeler: Citation for Outstanding Service to the Society
  • Trevor Canham, Emily Faw and Catherine Marie Meininger: Louis F. Wolf Jr. Memorial Scholarship

The society also will induct Renville “Ren” H. McMann Jr. posthumously into the SMPTE Honor Roll.

More information is available on the SMPTE website.

Brand Connections

For-A Ships InSync Tech MCC-4K Converter

Well, that was fast. Last week, I reported For-A and InSync Technology had formed a joint venture, and today word comes that For-A is shipping the new InSync MCC-4K motion compensated converter.

Actually, For-A debuted the MCC-4K at the NAB Show in April, but the announcement of the product’s availability is the first major step for the pair since forming of the joint venture.

The  MCC-4K can be used to perform live frame rate conversion in situations where UHD content sourced at one frame rate needs conversion for international contribution and distribution at another frame rate. It also can be used for simultaneous transmission in UHD and HD and to integrate HD and 3G content into UHD programming, For-A said.

More information is available on the For-A website.

Robert Kakareka Joins Qligent

Robert Kakareka.

Robert Kakareka has joined Qligent as the company’s new manager/business development, the company announced. He will focus on developing U.S. sales, customer relationships and market opportunities.

Kakareka, who is based in Atlanta, will report to John Shoemaker, the company’s director of sales. He will have responsibility for sales of Qligent’s Vision cloud-based monitoring and compliance platform to U.S. broadcasters, including networks and call-letter stations.

With more than 20 years in broadcast technology sales, Kakareka has held positions with Avid (Orad) Graphics Systems, Miranda, Pixel Power and BarcoNet.

More information is available on the Qligent website.

Raycom Signs Xmtr. Deal With GatesAir For 65 Stations

Raycom Media and GatesAir have inked a deal under which the transmitter manufacturer will provide Maxiva transmitters and installation services covering 65 TV stations in 44 markets.

The Raycom purchase includes GatesAir broadband transmitters, RF systems and installation services. The station group is buying Maxiva UHF liquid-cooled as well as Maxiva UHF and VHF air-cooled transmitters. The deal also includes the Maxiva XTE encoder, which is ATSC 3.0-ready, and the latest GatesAir RTAC software to provide real-time adaptive correction.

All transmitters are based on GatesAir’s PowerSmart Plus technology to reduce size, weight and power consumption.

The transmitters are a part of Raycom Media’s RF retooling to comply with the channel assignment changes made necessary by the FCC’s TV spectrum repack.

More information is available on the GatesAir website.

PWS Coordinates Frequencies For Soccer Tournament

PWS provided overall frequency coordination services for the 2017 CONCACAF Gold Cup.

Professional Wireless Systems (PWS) provided frequency coordination for the multi-city 2017 CONCACAF Gold Cup soccer cup in July, the company announced today.

Fourteen venues in 13 cities hosted various stages of the tournament. PWS began preparing its frequency coordination efforts about a month before the event via a website. All vendors involved used the site to identify the frequencies they planned to use.

This list of frequency usage was shared and coordinated with local SBE coordinators. All SBE-approved frequencies were submitted to the FCC for final confirmation, PWS said in a press release.

“Coordinating a single location was fairly easy, but coordinating all of the cities and parties wanting to use the spectrum was the biggest challenge for us on this project,” says Kasey Gchachu, PWS project manager.

More information is available on the PWS website.

Brand Connections

For-A, InSync Form Joint Venture To Address 8K

For-A has formed an advanced research joint effort with InSync Technology to focus on 8K, the company announced today.


The main focus of the new company, called InSync Technology Products Ltd., will be on enabling collaboration on the design and development of 8K UHDTV signal processing equipment.


The company will bring together “the most talented engineers” of both companies to create “highly novel products” addressing 8K, said For-A President Katsuaki Kiyohara.


More information is available on the For-A and InSync websites.

Canal 13 Selects Blackmagic URSA For Telenovelas

Canal 13, one of Chile’s oldest television stations, has upgraded its broadcast cameras to Blackmagic Design URSA Mini 4K digital film cameras, the company said today.

The broadcaster is using the cameras along with Blackmagic 3G-SDI Arduino Shield camera control to shoot its popular telenovelas.

The Chilean broadcaster also is using DaVinci Resolve Studio to edit and color grade and Teranex 2D Processor for standards conversion, the company said.

More information is available on the Blackmagic Design website.

Octopus Newsroom Partners With Traco Systems

Octopus Newsroom has partnered with software developer and system integrator Traco Systems to introduce the Traco Media Bridge plug-in to allow users of its NRCS to browse and deploy content for Avid Interplay using a drag-and-drop graphic display, the company said today.

Media Bridge offers Octopus-based newsrooms an optimized video production workflow. It supports the creation of story-specific placeholders to allow content like video to be added directly to a selected story.

More information is available on the Octopus Newsroom website.